According to a recent survey by the American Press Institute, nearly two thirds of American adults say they look at the news at least several times a day1. If you are reading this, we suspect you fall into this camp. Most of us are consuming more news, and more often, than we were several decades ago.
And what about the quality of the news we’re getting? There is significant competition in the news media industry today. Producing and distributing news is far less expensive and easier to do than in years past. While there are still many journalists who do great work, the quality of what many of us consume through cable news networks, social media, online news sources, and print publications is often not very high quality, yet we continue viewing it.
As investors, we need to be exceptionally careful about how we consume information and how that influences our decision-making. There are a few behavioral biases we experience to varying degrees that are worth keeping in mind as we navigate the 24-hour news cycle.
Confirmation bias is the tendency to look for and notice information that confirms one’s original beliefs and ignores the information that contradicts those beliefs. As Warren Buffet said, “what the human being is best at doing is interpreting all new information so that their prior conclusions remain intact.” With the plethora of news sources available, it is easy to watch programs and read publications that cater to our own beliefs. To combat this inherent bias, we need to seek competing opinions that challenge our existing views, as difficult as that process might be.
Availability bias is the heuristic approach to estimating the probability of an outcome based on how easily the outcome comes to mind. Most people have at least a moderate fear of sharks when swimming in the ocean. The reality is that people more likely to be killed by a moose2 than by a shark in the water3; still, most people fear sharks more. Why? Well, it’s easier and scarier to imagine being eaten by a shark than being attacked by a moose and since the shark attack scenario comes to mind more easily, that’s more likely to influence our behavior. Our obsession with news and current events is the perfect fuel for availability bias and can lead us to make all sorts of irrational decisions based on the most recent or most shocking stories we hear.
Negativity bias is the natural tendency, all else equal, to put greater weight on negative information than positive information. Historically, this was probably a survival mechanism as it allowed our ancestors to be more alert to potential sources of danger. News producers are aware of this, which is why we can always hear ten times as many negative news stories as positive ones—people naturally care more about the negative ones. The problem is that surrounding ourselves with negative information can lead to a more pessimistic view of the world, the markets, and the economy than what might be appropriate.
While swearing off the news completely might be unrealistic, there are a few actions we can take to ensure the news is helping us make better decisions rather than working against us.
Taking a step back from the quantity and the type of news consumed doesn’t mean one is taking current events less seriously. However, freeing up time for content that contributes to cognitive development may greatly improve decision-making, allow one to get off the emotional roller-coaster of sensationalist media, and contribute to a greater sense of peace of mind.
1 https://www.americanpressinstitute.org/publications/ reports/survey-research/americans-news-consumption/
2 https://animals.howstuffworks.com/ animal-facts/dangerous-moose.htm
3 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shark_attack#targetText=In%20the%20United%20States%2C %20 even,than%201%20in%20264.1%20mil
This material is solely for informational purposes and shall not constitute a recommendation or offer to sell or a solicitation to buy securities. The opinions expressed herein represent the current, good faith views of the author at the time of publication and are provided for limited purposes, are not definitive investment advice, and should not be relied on as such. The information presented herein has been developed internally and/or obtained from sources believed to be reliable; however, neither the author nor Manchester Capital Management guarantee the accuracy, adequacy or completeness of such information.
Predictions, opinions, and other information contained in this article are subject to change continually and without notice of any kind and may no longer be true after any date indicated. Any forward-looking predictions or statements speak only as of the date they are made, and the author and Manchester Capital assume no duty to and do not undertake to update forward-looking predictions or statements. Forward-looking predictions or statements are subject to numerous assumptions, risks and uncertainties, which change over time. Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in forward-looking predictions or statements. As with any investment, there is the risk of loss.
Regularly reviewing existing estate plans is a good financial practice, and the looming change to the lifetime estate/gift tax exemptions at the end...
It seems that Chatbots and Artificial Intelligence are invading every part of modern life. According to recent news reports, over 80% of Fortune 500...
Manchester Capital Management is proud to announce that Founder and Executive Chairman, Ted Cronin, has once again been honored among Barron's “Top...